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  • What is CBD ?

 

CBD is a naturally occurring substance in cannabis that is being effectively processed into oils isolated from THC, the psychoactive substance in cannabis. CBD oils are used as a therapeutic resource for combating a wide variety of diseases.  They are the new rising star in the expanding, revolutionary realm of nutraceuticals and dietary supplements. The oils are pressed from hemp flowers, stalks, and stems, and marijuana plants, and are often blended with other oils, such as coconut, olive, hemp seed oil or glycerin. When extracted by non-toxic methods, these oils are safe and natural.

  • What is CBD used for?

CBD is quickly changing the debate surrounding the use of marijuana as medicine. While doctors can’t seem to look past certain side effects of THC, CBD doesn’t appear to present that problem. Evidence of CBD’s medical benefits continues to grow. CBD is currently used to treat symptoms of anxiety. And studies underway indicate that CBD is either effective or shows promise treating epilepsynauseamultiple sclerosis, and numerous inflammatory diseases.

The Los Angeles Times reports that CBD and other cannabinoids are “being investigated as a treatment for a wide range of disorders of the brain, including Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia.”

Research is still underway, but the wide spectrum of known and emerging applications is a testament to its healing properties. Not surprisingly, there is also growing interest in CBD oils for overall health and well-being, as more consumers become increasingly informed and health-conscious, and question the numerous side effects of traditional Western pharmaceutical drug therapies.

  • What is the difference between CBD and THC?

Cannabis, also known as marijuana,  has around 500 natural compounds of which 85 are canabidinols.  Of these the two that are the most highly concentrated are CBD, an abbreviation for cannabidiol, and THC, tetrahydrocannabinol, known for it’s psychoactive properties.

CBD and THC levels tend to vary among different plants. Marijuana grown for recreational purposes often contains more THC than CBD.

However, by using selective breeding techniques, cannabis breeders have managed to create varieties with high levels of CBD and next to zero levels of THC. These strains are rare but have become more popular in recent years.

Some products do have a combination of CBD and THC and there is some evidence to suggest that using a combination may be beneficial.  Read this article to find out more.

  • Will I get high from CBD oil?

Unlike THC, CBD does not cause a high. While this makes CBD a poor choice for recreational users, it gives the chemical a significant advantage as a medicine, since health professionals prefer treatments with minimal side effects.

CBD is non-psychoactive because it does not act on the same pathways as THC. These pathways, called CB1 receptors, are highly concentrated in the brain and are responsible for the mind-altering effects of THC.

  • What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Hemp plants produce more CBD than THC, while marijuana produces more THC than CBD. Interestingly, research has shown that CBD acts to reduce the psychoactive effects of THC, separating hemp further from marijuana.  THC is credited with causing the marijuana high.While marijuana plants contain high levels of THC, hemp contains very little of the psychoactive chemical. This single difference is what most rely on to distinguish hemp from marijuana. For example, countries like Canada have set the maximum THC content of hemp at 0.3%. Any cannabis with higher THC levels is considered marijuana instead.

In comparison, medical marijuana produces anywhere between 5-20% THC on average, with prize strains tipping the scale at 25-30% THC.

  • What is the difference between CBD hemp oil and the commonly available hemp oil? 

The commonly available hemp oil is extracted by pressing seeds of hemp plants. While they can be extracted from any cannabis plant, industrial hemp (non-drug use) typically is the only plant used for oil extraction.

Hemp oil is primarily used for cooking and known for its high omega-3 and omega-6 content. It can be used as a skin moisturizer, replacing lotions and soaps. Commercially it can be used as the base for different forms of plastic (typically a role that petroleum plays). This may include eco-friendly paints, or bio-diesel fuel that are used in the same way as vegetable-based fuel.

Hemp oil contains low levels of CBD, meaning it offers little therapeutic benefit. It contains low levels of CBD, typically less than 25 parts per million (ppm).

CBD hemp oil is extracted from the flowers, leaves, and stalks of hemp. It contains high levels of CBD 15 percent (150,000 ppm). Its properties are more beneficial for treatment and prevention of illnesses and ailments. All of these benefits come with no psychoactive response in the system.

  • How can I tell the difference between CBD oil marketed as hemp oil and the hemp oil sold as a super food from health food stores?  

The basic distinction is that hemp seed oil has extremely low levels of CBD and is relatively cheap, sold in larger quantities, and hemp CBD oil has high levels of CBD sold in small quantities and is relatively expensive.  It should say the strength of the oil on the label.  Typically it is available in 100mg, 300mg, 500mg or 1000mg.

  • How do I know what dose to take?

Everyone is in a different place and will react differently to their CBD dosage. As serving size or dosage of CBD differs for each person, according to factors such as weight and metabolism, it is best to start small and gradually increase until you experience the desired result.  If you feel groggy or toxic after taking a dose, you need to reduce the amount.

The strength of the oil is stated on the label.  For example if it states 100mg, it means 100mg in the entire bottle.  If a bottle is a size of 15 ml then 1 dropper full will be 100/15 = 6 mg per ml or serving.  (A full dropper is usually 1 ml) As a dropper usually contains 10 drops, 1 drop would be around 0.1 ml or 0.6 mg.  

For higher dosages 500 mg or 1000 mg it is also recommended that you try increasing dosage every 3-4 weeks by 25mg until symptom relief. And to decrease amount of CBD with any worsening of symptoms.

The following is meant to be a guideline, a starting point of reference.

To increase appetite in cancer patients: 2.5 milligrams of THC by mouth with or without 1 mg of CBD for six weeks

To treat chronic pain: 2.5-20 mg CBD by mouth for an average of 25 days

To treat epilepsy: 200-300 mg of CBD by mouth daily for up to 4.5 months

To treat movement problems associated with Huntington’s disease: 10 mg per kilogram of CBD by mouth daily for six weeks

To treat sleep disorders: 40-160 mg CBD by mouth.

To treat multiple sclerosis symptoms: Cannabis plant extracts containing 2.5-120 milligrams of a THC-CBD combination by mouth daily for 2-15 weeks. A mouth spray might contain 2.7 milligrams of THC and 2.5 milligrams of CBD at doses of 2.5-120 milligram for up to eight weeks. Patients typically use eight sprays within any three hours, with a maximum of 48 sprays in any 24-hour period.

To treat schizophrenia: 40-1,280 mg CBD by mouth daily for up to four weeks

To treat glaucoma: a single CBD dose of 20-40 mg under the tongue. Doses greater than 40 mg may actually increase eye pressure.

According to CannLabs, the nation’s top full-service testing lab for cannabis products, there is no established lethal CBD dose. Consumers should read product inserts carefully to ensure they are taking the right amount of CBD, and talk to the prescribing physician about any questions or concerns.

(source: http://cbdoilreview.org/cbd-cannabidiol/cbd-dosage/)

Your body will build up a storage of cannabidiol in the body, which is unlike most chemicals. Unlike alcohol, which is usually absent from the blood stream and body within 24-48 hours after ingestion, cannabidiol is fat soluble and may stay bound to the cells of the body for weeks. This is important to know because after a few weeks of using CBD oil a lesser amount may be required to gain effects similar to the original servings

  • How do I take CBD oil?

CBD is most commonly taken orally in a concentrated paste or drops/ tincture format. To take CBD oil first hold it under the tongue to be absorbed in the mouth prior to swallowing. This step is important because some of the CBD taken will be broken down by the digestive system. Other oral methods include capsules, mouth strips, and edibles such as chocolate bars. Many people also enjoy using CBD oil via vaporizers or inhalers as this is a near instant delivery method that can be quite effective. Others use CBD oil by taking it through the skin via lotions, balms, creams or patches. There are many ways to take CBD oil, what matters most is trying a few different approaches and seeing what works. Again, everyone is different.

If you are already purchasing CBD product you could be over paying for inferior products that just wont deliver the CBD dosage you need.

  • How can I tell the quality?

It is best to get a personal recommendation or buy from a reputable company.